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德國3種大學類型 3 main types of higher education in Germany

April 7, 2016

德國國家認可的大學有大約427間, 大學類型分三種:

1. 傳統大學  (Universitäten/ Hochschulen)

2. 應用科學大學  (Fachhochschulen) 

3. 藝術,電影和音樂學院

 

選擇合適類型的大學好大程度上取決於你想學什麼。

 

傳統大學

傳統大學以理論和學術為主導, 提供學位課程及廣泛的學科。一些大學有某些專門學科領域,例如技術大學,醫學院校和教育學院。如果您想於日後攻讀博士學位,傳統大學是您的地方。

 

應用科學大學

應用科學大學是以實踐為主導。該課程提供理論背景和培養學生職業生涯的現實要求。學位課程必包括實習和實踐學期。

 

藝術,電影和音樂學院

藝術,電影和音樂學院提供藝術學科,如美術,表演,舞蹈,工業設計及服裝設計,平面藝術,器樂和聲樂。學生就讀現代媒體將被培養成為導演,攝影師,編劇等影視專業。

 

若要獲得這些院校錄取,你必須表現出特殊的藝術才華,通常需要通過能力傾向測試,有時候亦有特殊的入學要求。請注意,大多數的藝術,電影和音樂學院通常只以德文教授課。

 

 

** 私立大學比共立大學好嗎?

德國大學多數由政府資助,少部份大學的資助來自教會。不過,德國也有120所私立大學 - 多為應用科學大學 - 其學位由國家認可。

 

大多數德國學生在德國公立大學就讀。只有5.5%左右就讀私立大學。這是因為私立大學經常會收取高昂的學費,但這兩種類型的大學質量又是不相伯仲。
 

資料來源: https://www.study-in.de/en/plan-your-studies/types-of-universities_26607.php 

 

There are 427 state accredited universities around Germany with three types of higher education institutions:

1. Universities

2. Universities of applied sciences

3. Colleges of art, film and music

 

Choosing the right type of university largely depends on what you want to study.

 

Universities

Universities offer strong theoretical and academically-oriented degree programmes and a broad range of disciplines. Some universities have specialised in certain subject areas, for example, technical universities, medical schools and colleges of education. If you would like to pursue a doctorate (earn a PhD) at some point, a university is the right place for you.

 

Universities of applied sciences

Instruction at universities of applied sciences is strongly practice-oriented. The course work provides the theoretical background and prepares students for the real-world requirements of professional life. Internships and practical semesters form an integral part of the degree programmes.

 

Colleges of art, film and music

Colleges of art, film and music offer instruction in artistic subjects, such as Fine Arts, Acting, Dance, Industrial and Fashion Design, Graphic Art, Instrumental Music and Singing. Students enrolled at colleges for modern media are trained to become directors, camera operators, screenwriters and film and television professionals.

 

To gain admission to such programmes, you have to demonstrate special artistic talent, normally by means of an aptitude test. There are also special admission requirements for these colleges. Please note that most art, film and music colleges only provide instruction in German.

 

 

**Are Private Universities better? 

Most universities in Germany are publicly financed. A few universities receive their funding from the Protestant or Catholic Church. However, there are 120 private universities – most of them universities of applied sciences – whose degrees are recognised by the state.

 

Most students in Germany are enrolled at public universities. Only around 5.5 percent attend a private university. This is because private universities often charge high tuition fees. The quality of instruction at both types of universities is comparably good.


Source: https://www.study-in.de/en/plan-your-studies/types-of-universities_26607.php  

 

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